BGP Attributes help Border Gateway Protocol finding the best path. These attributes can be tuned, this makes BGP a flexible protocol. In this example “BGP Tuning Attributes Configuration” is examined deeply.
R1#sh ip BGP sum
Router-3 and Router-2 have different paths for 184.108.40.206/24 network, and they send it to Router-1.
Neighbor 10.1.12.2 10.1.13.2
R1#sh ip BGP Network Next hop *i220.127.116.11 10.1.24.2 *>;i 10.1.36.2
10.1.36.2 is the best route because it transists less AS.
| R1# show ip bgp
Network Next Hop metric weight local pref. path
As seen above, non of these routes are best path. First “no sync” command must be implemented on Router – 1 , Router -2 and Router -3. Because of IBGP doesn’t change the next hop, next hops are appearing as 10.1.36.2 and 10.1.24.2 on Router -1. Ping for 10.1.26.2 is unsuccessful from Router-1 also. To resolve that issue , “next-hop-self” command must be used or networks between Router – 2 / Router -4 and Router -3 / Router -6 must be learnt to Router -1.
R2(config)# router bgp 5500 R2(config-router)#neighbor 10.1.12.1 next-hop-self R3(config)#router bgp 500 R3(config-router)#neighbor 10.1.13.1 next-hop-self
R1#clear ip bgp * // BGP process is cleared after configuration changes // R1#show ip bgp
Network Next Hop ….. ….. Path
R1(conf)#router bgp 5500 R1(config-router)#neighbor 10.1.13.2 weight 500 // Weight is a Cisco proprietary attribute and configured locally on each router // clear ip bgp *
It’s seen that next hop addresses for 10.1.13.2 are marked as best (>;) if we run “sh ip bgp” command //
Local preference value is an industry standart. For instance if there would be 50 more routers next to Router – 1 and if we would want to prefer Router -3 instead of Router – 2, we should have configured “weight” on 50 routers which is really hard. So that, “local preference” value is configured on Router-3 and advertised to all other routers.
R3(config)# router bgp 5500 R3(config-router)#bgp default local-preference 500
If “sh ip bgp” command is run on Router – 1 , it is seen that all routers prefer Router – 3. But how Router – 3 can be best path for 150.x.x.x , Router -2 can be best path for 200.x.x.x network ? //
R3(config)#ip access-list standart ROUTES-FOR-R3 R3(config-acl)#permit 18.104.22.168 0.0.0.255 R3(config-acl)#permit 22.214.171.124 0.0.0.25 exit R3(config)#ip access-list standart ROUTES-FOR-R2 R3(config-acl)permit 126.96.36.199 0.255.255.255 exit R3(config)#route-map LOCAL-PREF permit 10 R3(config-route-map)#match ip add ROUTES-FOR-R3 R3(config-route-map)#set local-preference 1000 exit R3(config)#route-map LOCAL-PREF permit 20 R3(config-route-map)#match ip add ROUTES-FOR-R2 R3(config-route-map)#set local-preference 10
Router -3 advertises 150.x.x.x routes with 1000, 200.x.x.x.x routes with 10 local preference value to Router -1. Because of default local preference value is 100, Router – 3 is preferred for 150.x.x.x network and is not preferred for 200.x.x.x network.
R3(config)#neighbor 10.1.36.2 route-map LOCAL-PREF in
R5(config)#router bgp 911 R5(config-router)#no auto